In October 2014, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) issued its most alarming assessment report since 2007, setting the stage for the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21), to be held in Paris from November 30 to December 11, 2015.
Since the first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP1) in Berlin in 1995, representatives of more than 100 countries have met each year to discuss climate change and the fight against global warming.
Slowly and with difficulty, an international governance system has developed over the past 20 years through negotiations shaped by environmental, economic, social and diplomatic issues.
Hopes for a new global agreement
The expectations for the COP21 talks in Paris are very high, as the participants are being asked to negotiate a new global agreement to take over from the Kyoto Protocol, which came into force in 2005. The new agreement, however, is to be binding and universal.
Getting everyone on board
The negotiations will be difficult. As the session Chair, France is working to facilitate the discussions with all stakeholders, both public and private, to build the coalition that will be needed to stimulate innovation and roll out solutions.
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